A neonatologist is a physician who specializes in the health care of a neonate, a newly born infant. Neonatology is a branch of paediatrics that is concerned with the illnesses and disorders in newborn infants, and it thus deals with the care of newborn infants. A paediatrician takes care of the babies after they are discharged from the hospital. Premature babies, newborn babies with health problems are sometimes required to stay in the hospital for several days, or even months. A neonatologist takes care of them. Neonatologists usually work in hospitals. Large hospitals have a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) or special care baby unit (SCBU), and they appoint neonatologists and neonatal nurses to look after the sick newborn babies.
Neonatologists have the special training required to evaluate and treat newborns’ medical problems. In addition, neonatologists use equipment that is designed specifically for the tiniest patients.