Details of Albuterol (Salbutamol) Salt (Generic Drug)

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Details

Albuterol is a bronchodilator that relaxes muscles in the airways and increases airflow to the lungs. Albuterol inhalation is used to treat or prevent bronchospasm in people with reversible obstructive airway disease. It is also used to prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm. Albuterol inhalation is for use in adults and children who are at least 4 years old.


Typical Uses

Albuterol is a short-acting β2-adrenergic receptor agonist, used to prevent and treat wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and chest tightness caused by lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD a group of diseases that affect the lungs and airways It relaxes the smooth muscles in the airway, which allows air to flow in and out of the lungs more easily. Salbutamol has been used in treating acute hypercalcemia on account of its potassium-depleting properties by stimulating potassium inflow in cells.


Side Effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to albuterol such as hives, difficult breathing, swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Call your doctor at once if you have wheezing, choking, or other breathing problems, chest pain, fast heart rate, pounding heartbeats or fluttering in your chest, burning sensation while urinating, high blood sugar, increased thirst, increased urination, hunger, dry mouth, fruity breath odour, drowsiness, dry skin, blurred vision, weight loss, low potassium, leg cramps, constipation, irregular heartbeats, fluttering in your chest, extreme thirst, increased urination, numbness or tingling, muscle weakness or limp feeling. Common albuterol side effects may include back pain, body aches, headache, dizziness, feeling nervous, nausea, diarrhoea, upset stomach or sore throat, sinus pain, stuffy runny nose.


Drug Interactions

• Albuterol+nadolol- Using nadolol together with albuterol may reduce the benefits of both medications, since they have opposing effects in the body. In addition, nadolol can sometimes cause narrowing of the airways, which may worsen your breathing problems or trigger severe asthmatic attacks.

• Albuterol+carteolol- Using carteolol together with albuterol may reduce the benefits of both medications, since they have opposing effects in the body. In addition, carteolol can sometimes cause narrowing of the airways, which may worsen your breathing problems or trigger severe asthmatic attacks.

• Albuterol+carvedilol- Using carvedilol together with albuterol may reduce the benefits of both medications, since they have opposing effects in the body. In addition, carteolol can sometimes cause narrowing of the airways, which may worsen your breathing problems or trigger severe asthmatic attacks.

• Albuterol+fingolimod- Before starting fingolimod, let your doctor know if you are currently receiving treatment with albuterol. Using fingolimod in this situation can increase the risk of an irregular heart rhythm that may be serious and potentially life-threatening, although it is a relatively rare side effect. This is most likely to occur early on after you start treatment with fingolimod, especially within the first 20 hours after the first dose.

• Albuterol+sotalol- Using sotalol together with albuterol may reduce the benefits of both medications, since they have opposing effects in the body. In addition, sotalol can sometimes cause narrowing of the airways, which may worsen your breathing problems or trigger severe asthmatic attacks.

• Albuterol+timolol- Using timolol together with albuterol may reduce the benefits of both medications, since they have opposing effects in the body. In addition, timolol can sometimes


Mechanism of action

Albuterol is a beta (2)-adrenergic agonist and thus it stimulates beta (2)-adrenergic receptors. Binding of albuterol to beta (2)-receptors in the lungs results in relaxation of bronchial smooth muscles.


Pregnancy Category : C


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