Details of Adenosine Salt (Generic Drug)

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Details

Adenosine is used for treating certain types of irregular heartbeat. Certain brands of adenosine are used during a stress test of the heart. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor. Adenosine is an antiarrhythmic and a nucleoside. It works to treat irregular heartbeat by slowing the electrical conduction in the heart, slowing heart rate, or normalizing heart rhythm. It helps during a stress test of the heart by improving blood flow to the heart.

Doctors give adenosine intravenously for treating surgical pain and nerve pain, pulmonary hypertension, and certain types of irregular heartbeat. It is also given for controlling blood pressure during anaesthesia and surgery and for heart tests called cardiac stress tests. Adenosine is injected into the space around the spinal cord to treat nerve pain.


Typical Uses

Adenosine is used to restore a normal heart rate and rhythm in patients having paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (very fast heartbeat). It is also used to diagnose tachycardia or to help find the location of the fast heart rate. During a stress test of the heart, it helps by improving blood flow to the heart.


Side Effects

Adenosine appears to be safe for most people when given by injection by qualified doctors. However, it can cause facial flushing, temporary rash on the chest, headache, sweating, palpitations, chest pain and low blood pressure, shortness of breath, chest pressure, fast breathing, coughing and head pressure, light-headedness, dizziness, tingling in arms, numbness, apprehension, blurred vision, burning sensation, heaviness in arms, neck and back pain, nausea, diaphoresis, metallic taste, tightness in throat and pressure in groin.


Drug Interactions

• Adenosine+amiodarone- Combining these medications can increase the risk of an irregular heart rhythm that may be serious and potentially life-threatening, although it is a relatively rare side effect.

• Adenosine+adenosine- Combining these medications can increase the risk of an irregular heart rhythm that may be serious and potentially life-threatening, although it is a relatively rare side effect.

• Adenosine+bedaquiline- Combining these medications can increase the risk of an irregular heart rhythm that may be serious and potentially life-threatening, although it is a relatively rare side effect.

• Adenosine+citalopram- Combining these medications can increase the risk of an irregular heart rhythm that may be serious and potentially life-threatening, although it is a relatively rare side effect.

• Adenosine+droperidol- Combining these medications can increase the risk of an irregular heart rhythm that may be serious and potentially life-threatening, although it is a relatively rare side effect.

• Adenosine+escitalopram- Combining these medications can increase the risk of an irregular heart rhythm that may be serious and potentially life-threatening, although it is a relatively rare side effect.


Mechanism of action

Adenosine belongs to class of drugs called nucleosides. It acts by restoring the heart rhythm. It also relaxes blood vessels supplying the heart and increases blood flow, thereby relieving abnormal electrical activity due to compromised blood flow to heart. It slows the electrical conduction in the heart.


Pregnancy Category : C


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