Details of Acarbose Salt (Generic Drug)

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Details

Acarbose is used along with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Acarbose prevents the action of certain enzymes in the digestive tract that break down carbohydrates to release glucose, which is subsequently absorbed in the blood. Thus, it controls the rise of blood glucose level after a meal. Acarbose is taken in a tablet form in a dose of 25 to 100 mg three times a day.


Typical Uses

Acarbose is used to control blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Acarbose is sometimes used in combination with insulin or other diabetes medications.


Side Effects

Acarbose may cause abnormal liver function including yellowing of the skin and eyes, indigestion, nausea, Gas, loose motion, increase in liver enzymes, vomiting, stomach pain, swelling in the first few weeks of treatment as your body adjusts to this medication but usually improve with time. Follow your prescribed diet to help lessen these side effects. Tell your doctor immediately if you suffer from serious side effects of Acarbose such as unusual tiredness, persistent vomiting, severe stomach/abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine.


Drug Interactions

• Acarbose+gatifloxacin- Gatifloxacin can affect blood glucose levels and should not be used in patients with diabetes. Both hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose) and, less frequently, hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) have been reported.

• Acarbose+Leflunomide- Leflunomide may cause liver problems, and using it with other medications that can also affect the liver such as acarbose may increase that risk.

• Acarbose+Mipomersen- Mipomersen may cause liver problems, and using it with other medications that can also affect the liver such as acarbose may increase that risk.

• Acarbose+Lomitapide- Lomitapide may cause liver problems, and using it with other medications that can also affect the liver such as acarbose may increase that risk.

• Acarbose+Teriflunomide- Teriflunomide may cause liver problems, and using it with other medications that can also affect the liver such as acarbose may increase that risk.


Mechanism of action

Acarbose belongs to class of medications called Oral hypoglycaemics (alpha-glycosidase inhibitor). Acarbose decreases the digestion and absorption of carbohydrate in the intestine by inhibiting intestinal enzyme (alpha glucosidase) results in reduction of increase in blood glucose level after meal.


Pregnancy Category : B


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