What is Dental Plaque, Causes and symptoms of Dental Plaque

Dental Plaque

  • Posted on- Apr 28, 2018
  • 0

Dental Plaque

Dental plaque is a sticky or a colorless film which regularly produces in between and on the surface of the teeth. It is a kind of bio film that is made up of microorganisms such as streptococcus mutans and other bacteria.

This condition may be developed on teeth above the gum line, below the gum line on the roots of teeth and along the gum line.
If dental plaque accumulates and is not extracted, it can harden and turn into calculus or tartar.

What does it lead to?

After having a meal, the bacteria in plaque extract acids which further targets the enamel surfaces of teeth, especially above and below the gum line and in between the teeth. Repeated acid attacks increasingly erode the enamel, finally causing tooth decay and cavities.

When it is placed under the gum line, the associated buildup of bacteria and tartar can cause irritation and inflammation of the gum tissue and can even lead to the further development of gingivitis and gum disease. Irritated and inflamed gums seem to be red and may even bleed.

Regular plaque accumulation can contribute to structural rupture of your teeth and the bone supporting the teeth and gums.

How can anyone extract Dental Plaque?

If your gums appear healthy with no inflammation or redness – then twice daily brushing and proper daily flossing will tear the plaque that naturally accumulates on your teeth.

One can brush with fluoride-based toothpaste can help to extract dental plaque from the surfaces of your teeth and floss or interdental cleaners will help to remove it between your teeth.

If one finds that his gums are red and inflamed, or that they bleed after he brushes his teeth, it is important that dentist should be visited.

Early periodontitis and gingivitis can be controlled by regular professional teeth cleanings and more diligent brushing and flossing at home.

If your dental professional finds an over production of plaque and calculus under the gum line then a procedure called root planning will be necessary.

This non-surgical procedure is used to extract plaque and calculus from around the roots of teeth and in the gum pockets.


The best way to avoid the buildup of dental plaque is with regular brushing and flossing at home. The best way to avoid a production of calculus is through regular visits to your dental professional for check-ups and cleanings.

Keep the following suggestions in mind:

  • Avoid sugary and starchy snacks.
  • Eat a balanced diet.
  • Refrain from using tobacco products.
  • Limit the number of snacks you eat throughout the day.
  • Brush your teeth 2 times a day using fluoride-based toothpaste.




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