What is Ankle Sprain?
An ankle sprain is an injury that occurs in your ankles, when you twist, turn or roll your ankles at awkward angles. The bones of ankles are held together using a ligament and the injury damages these ligaments. If you have an ankle sprain, your ankle ligaments would have been moved beyond their normal range of motion. Usually, ankle sprain is associated with tearing of ligaments in the outer edges of the ankle. For injuries of lesser magnitude, over-the-counter medication may be sufficient. But depending on the extent of damages caused, it is always suggested that you consult a doctor for a thorough medical examination. If a grave injury is left untreated, an ankle sprain might lead to chronic pain, chronic ankle instability or arthritis in the ankle.
What causes ankle sprain?
An ankle sprain often occurs when the foot suddenly twists or rolls, forcing the ankle joint out of its normal position. During physical activity, the ankle may twist inward as a result of sudden or unexpected movement. This causes one or more ligaments around ankle to stretch or tear. Some swelling or bruising can occur as a result of these tears. You may also feel pain or discomfort when you place weight on the affected area. Tendons, cartilage, and blood vessels might also be damaged due to the ankle sprain. Ankle sprains can happen to anyone at any age. Participating in sports, walking on uneven surfaces, or even wearing inappropriate footwear can cause this type of injury.
What is the cost for the treatment of ankle sprain in India?
Which specialty of doctor is to be consulted for the treatment of ankle sprain in India?
Which hospital is to be preferred for the treatment of ankle sprain in India?
1. What are the symptoms of ankle sprain?
You may have an ankle sprain if you notice the following symptoms in the ankle:
- inability to put weight on the affected ankle
- skin discoloration
The ankle can sustain many different types of injuries. It's important to see your doctor when you're experiencing problems with your ankle. Your doctor can determine whether the injury is an ankle sprain or something more severe.
2. What causes an ankle sprain?
The causes for an ankle sprain could be:
- Falling from heights
- Walking and running on uneven surfaces
- Landing at awkward angles after jumping and pivoting
- Sports on uneven surfaces and in improper shoes
3. Who is at risk for ankle sprain?
- Ankle sprains could be a possibility if you participate in sports that involve twisting movements of your feet. Being obese and walking or playing on uneven surfaces are other risk factors.
4. What are the possible ways to prevent ankle sprain?
These are some tips to prevent ankle sprains:
- Be careful when walking on uneven surfaces and snow
- Warm up your body before exercises and games
- Avoid using high heels
- Wear shoes that fit your feet well
- Wear shoes that are meant for the activity
- Maintain strong and flexible muscles
5. How is Ankle Sprain treated?
In many cases you can first use the RICE approach to treat your ankle sprain:
- Rest - You may need to use crutches until you can walk without pain.
- Ice - For at least the first 24 to 72 hours or until the swelling goes down, apply an ice pack for 10 to 20 minutes every hour or two during the day. Always keep a thin cloth between the ice and your skin and press the ice pack firmly against all the curves of the affected area of ankle sprain.
- Compression - An elastic compression wrap, such as an ACE bandage, will help reduce swelling. You wear it for the first 24 to 36 hours. Compression wraps do not offer protection. So you also need a brace to protect your ankle if you try to put weight on it.
- Elevation - Raise your ankle above the level of your heart for 2 to 3 hours a day if possible. This helps to reduce swelling and bruising.