Acute Interstitial Nephritis, causes of Acute Interstitial Nephritis

Acute Interstitial Nephritis

  • Posted on- Nov 06, 2017
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What is Acute Interstitial Nephritis?

"Acute Interstitial Nephritis is a common kidney disorder that causes swelling or inflammation in the kidney. Acute Interstitial Nephritis is often linked with certain infections, drug therapies or it may be caused by some unknown agent. Acute Interstitial Nephritis, if not treated properly, may lead to complete loss of kidney function and can be life threatening.


What are the symptoms of Acute Interstitial Nephritis?

- Fever

- Rash

- Body ache

- Feelings of Nausea or vomiting

- Loss of appetite

- Fatigue and weakness

- Problems in sleeping patterns

- Changes in the urinate quantity

- Muscle cramps

- Swelling of the limbs

- Itching and irritation on the skin

- High blood pressure


What is the cost of Acute Interstitial Nephritis in India?

Which specialty of doctor to be consulted for the treatment of Acute Interstitial Nephritis in India?

Which hospital to be preferred for Acute Interstitial Nephritis in India?


1. What are the causes of Acute Interstitial Nephritis?

  • Acute Interstitial Nephritis may be caused by:

- Drug Allergies

- Kidney Infections

- Deficiency of potassium in the blood.

- Presence of excessive calcium or uric acid in the blood.

2. What are the factors which increase the risk of Acute Interstitial Nephritis?

- Diabetes

- High blood pressure

- Smoking

- Obesity

- Family history of kidney disease

- Unusual kidney structure

- Age

3. What are the possible ways to prevent Acute Interstitial Nephritis?

  • Acute Interstitial Nephritis, in most cases, can't be prevented. Limiting the use of medicines that lead to this disease help in reducing the risk factors.

4. How is Acute Interstitial Nephritis diagnosed?

  • The doctor diagnoses the Acute Interstitial Nephritis by conducting a kidney biopsy, which gives information about the inflammation in the kidneys. An analysis of the urine tells about the specialized white blood cells which are visible in allergic reactions. The doctor may even conduct a gallium scan which detects the areas of infection.

- Complete blood count test

- Blood urea nitrogen test

- Blood creatinine test

- Blood gas test

- Urine test

- Kidney Biopsy

5. How is Acute Interstitial Nephritis treated?

  • The treatment of Acute Interstitial Nephritis may vary depending upon the extent of the disease.

- Ant-inflammatory Drugs

Anti-inflammatory medicines might be used for reducing the swelling in the kidneys.

- Restricting the intake of certain drugs

By restricting the intake of medicines like antibiotics and proton pump inhibitors that cause Acute Interstitial Nephritis.

- Limiting salt intake

Reducing the intake of salt and fluid in the diet can relieve the inflammation and the high blood pressure.


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