• Test Code - PL0311
  • Test Name - Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)
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Test Details & Preparation


  • Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) test is done to detect the presence of inflammation caused by one or more conditions such as infections, tumours or autoimmune diseases to help diagnose and monitor specific conditions such as temporal arteritis, systemic vasculitis, polymyalgia rheumatica, or rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) test is performed when your doctor thinks that you might have a condition causing inflammation when you have signs and symptoms associated with temporal arteritis, systemic vasculitis, polymyalgia rheumatica, or rheumatoid arthritis such as headaches, neck or shoulder pain, pelvic pain, anaemia, poor appetite, unexplained weight loss, and joint stiffness.

  • A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm for an Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) test.

  • No preparation is needed for an Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) test.

  • The result of an ESR is reported as the millimetres of clear fluid (plasma) that is present at the top portion of the tube after one hour (mm/hr).

  • A single elevated ESR, without any symptoms of a specific disease, will usually not give enough information to make a medical decision. Furthermore, a normal result does not rule out inflammation or disease.

  • Moderately elevated ESR occurs with inflammation but also with anaemia, infection, pregnancy, and with aging.

  • A very high ESR usually has an obvious cause, such as a severe infection, marked by an increase in globulins, polymyalgia rheumatica or temporal arteritis.


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