• Test Code - PL0125
  • Test Name - Chloride
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Test Details & Preparation

  • Chloride blood and urine tests are done to determine if there is a problem with your body's electrolyte balance or acid-base balance and to monitor treatment.

  • Chloride blood and urine tests are performed as part of a standard electrolyte panel or metabolic panel or if your doctor thinks that you have an electrolyte imbalance.

  • A blood sample drawn from a vein in the arm sometimes a random or 24-hour urine sample for chloride blood and urine tests.

  • No preparation is needed for chloride blood and urine tests.

  • An increased level of blood chloride (called hyperchloremia) usually indicates dehydration, but can also occur with other problems that cause high blood sodium, such as Cushing syndrome or kidney disease.

  • A decreased level of blood chloride (called hypochloremia) occurs with any disorder that causes low blood sodium.

  • An increased level of urine chloride can indicate dehydration, starvation, Addison disease, or increased salt intake. If both chloride and sodium levels are high in a person on a restricted salt diet, the person is not complying with the diet.

  • A decreased level of urine chloride can be seen with Cushing syndrome, Conn syndrome, congestive heart failure, malabsorption syndrome, and diarrhoea.

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