• Test Code - PL0022
  • Test Name - A:G Ratio
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Test Details & Preparation

The albumin or globulin test or a total protein test is done to check the level of protein in our body, involving major organs such as kidney or liver.

The test in done for normal regular checkup but it also can be done or you have

  • Symptoms of kidney or liver diseases
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Edema, which is swelling caused by extra fluid in the tissue


No preparation is needed for a total blood test. But if you are taking any medicines take the consultation of your doctor.

The test uses a blood sample that is analyzed in the laboratory. Blood samples are taken by a needle piercing your vein after wrapping a band for applying pressure, or from the fingertips. Always remember to remove the band after the blood is taken, as failing to do that can cause serious harm to your arm.


The normal albumin range is 3.5-5.5 g/dL(grams per deciliter),and a normal globulin range is 2.5-3.5g/dL.The normal range of total protein is between 6-8.3 g/dL.The ratio of A/G should be around 0.8-2.0.

The range may vary depending on laboratories. And the range may also vary with

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Test method

High level of protein may indicate:

Low levels of protein may indicate

  • Bleeding
  • liver disorder
  • kidney disorder
  • malnutrition
  • extensive burns
  • agammaglobulinemia, which is an inherited condition in which your blood doesn’t have enough of a type of globulin, affecting the strength of your immune system
  • inflammatory conditions
  • delayed post-surgery recovery

Low level of A/G ratio may indicate-

A high level of A/G ratio may indicate genetic deficiencies or leukemia.

Always consult a doctor in any abnormalities before reaching to any conclusion, as any abnormalities may include further follow-up tests.

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